“We are thankful that Robert Berlin and the DuPage County State’s Attorney’s Office have filed a hate crime charge in this case,” the Sikh Coalition’s legal director, Harsimran Kaur, wrote in an email. “For the Sikh American community, a formal hate crime charge was never about a harsher penalty, but instead prosecuting the crime for what it was. We can’t combat the problem of hatred against minority communities in America unless our elected officials and government agencies acknowledge that the problem exists.”
This is an incredible victory earned entirely through grassroots advocacy. However, there is much more we can and must still do for Mukker, and for the many other Muslim, Indian and Sikh American victims of hate crimes committed in the wake of September 11, 2001. For Mukker, the Sikh Coalition urges us to continue the following actions:
Send Mr. Mukker Thoughts and Prayers: As Mr. Mukker recovers, the Sikh Coalition invites supporters around the world to express solidarity by clicking here to send a message. Alternatively, you can mail a card to the Sikh Coalition’s office at Inderjit Singh Mukker c/o The Sikh Coalition, 50 Broad Street, Suite 1537, New York, NY 10004.
Sikh Awareness: This is a critical time for everyone (Sikhs and non-Sikhs) to raise awareness and appreciation about the Sikh American community. Host and/or conduct a Sikh awareness presentation in your school, place of employment, library, police station, town hall, etc. For community and Sikh awareness resources, please click here.
Learn More About Hate Crimes Law: Click here to read our FAQs on Hate Crimes and Hate Speech. Please contact the Sikh Coalition firstname.lastname@example.org if you would like more information on how to raise awareness on hate crimes and hate crimes law with your sangat.
We must also continue to urge our political representatives to support comprehensive hate crimes legislation in all 50 states — currently five states (Arkansas, Georgia, Indiana, South Carolina and Wyoming) lack any sort of laws that criminalize bias-motivated violence. Of the remaining states, not all have hate crime laws that encompass violence motivated by bias against sexual orientation, age, gender or disability.
Mukker was driving to the grocery store in the evening of September 8th when the driver of another vehicle allegedly began shouting the slurs to Mukker. When Mukker pulled over to allow the other car to pass him, the other motorist then allegedly stopped his vehicle in front of Mukker, got out and approached Mukker’s car window. He then allegedly reached into the car and repeatedly punched Mukker in the face until the elderly man lost consciousness.
After his attacker fled the scene, Mukker was rushed to the hospital where he was treated for a cheekbone fracture, multiple lacerations and contusions. He ultimately received six stitches. He has now been released from the hospital and is recuperating at home.
I must be clear: at the moment, Page’s motives remain uncertain. We know that Page was an unremarkable man. He was an Army veteran who enlisted in 1992 and was honourably discharged in 1998 after repeated “patterns of misconduct” — a friend of Page’s explains that this was after multiple instances of showing up for formation intoxicated.
A few months back, I blogged about the Ku Klux Klan, and its efforts to “rebrand” its image. In short, the KKK is hoping to shake its image as a hate group; instead, it insists that it is a “fraternal organization” focused on “looking out for the interests of the white race”. With the dwindling public support for White supremacist ideology such as that espoused by the KKK (relative to, say, the Jim Crowe era), this new re-branding effort seems like a necessary — if incredulous — direction for organizations like the KKK.
But, one wonders whether this “re-branding effort” has disillusioned the movement’s core followers. And perhaps that, in conjunction with the hateful anti-establishment beliefs fostered by White supremacist movements, can culminate in a perfect storm of disenfranchised young neo-Nazis striking out on their own as “lone wolves”, to spark the racial wars that the neo-Nazi movement has until now preached as inevitable. In that light, one fears the worst: could Page be only the latest in a trend of neo-Nazis that are increasingly taking matters “into their own hands”. If this is true, the consequences may be devastating: after all, these are young people who have been exposed to underground — and even mainstream — racist hatred targeting everyone from Muslims to the president of the United States.
There are people who — if they decide to commit an act of mass murder — can (as demonstrated by both Page and James Holmes, the Aurora theatre shooter) purchase all their equipment legally. They can, in short, fail to commit a single crime until the first trigger-pull that results in the death of an innocent. These are their rights granted to them by this country’s interpretation of the Second Amendment.
Again, it’s hard to say what motivated Page’s shooting spree in Oak Creek yesterday. However, Page’s documented racial discontent and particular focus on 9/11 suggest that this was a man who focused his racial hatred on Muslims, or anyone he perceived as Muslim. In that context, Page’s heinous act may have been a case of deadly mistaken identity.
Sikhs — members of a religion practiced by millions of people originating predominantly from India — are distinguishable by the practice of covering their heads with a turban or a scarf; men of the Sikh faith also keep their facial hair uncut. Taken together, Sikhs bear a superficial resemblance to some Muslims, particularly to the untrained eye. However, Sikhs are no more related to Muslims because of their shared form of dress as Buddhists are related to Catholic priests, despite the fact that both wear long robes.
In the first month after the 9/11 terrorist attacks, the coalition reports it logged more than 300 such acts around the country. But, Singh said, there are likely “thousands more” across the country that are never reported. The FBI does not track hate crimes against Sikhs. (Jenn’s note: The FBI lumps these crimes into the category “anti-Muslim”.)
“When you see a turban and a beard, the number one thing people think of is terrorism,” he said.
The first post-9/11 classified hate crime against a Sikh was the murder of Balbir Singh Sodhi in Mesa, Ariz. After the terrorist attacks, Frank Silva Roque, an aircraft mechanic, told bystanders at a local restaurant that he wanted to “shoot some rag heads,” according to an essay in the Huffington Post.
Recent hate attacks include death threats against a Virginia Sikh family in March 2012; a violent assault on a Sikh in New York City in May 2011; the murders of two elderly Sikhs in Elk Grove, California in March 2011; and the near drowning of a Sikh student in West Texas in December 2009.
The true tragedy of the Oak Creek shooting, and the many anti-Sikh and anti-Muslim hate crimes that have been committed since 9/11, is the fact that the news has until now seemed almost reluctant to report any racialized trend by White supremacists to target both Muslims and people mistaken as Muslims. 9/11, itself an unspeakable tragedy, seemed to serve as an almost implicit, tacit condonment of this kind of racial hatred and violence; Muslims attacked this country, so surely a racial backlash should be expected?
Yet, this is the same kind of racial factionalism that inspires right-wing fanaticism against all aspects of Latino heritage, history and language in the name of defending America from illegal immigration. This is the same kind of racial factionalism that motivates Michele Bachmann’s new McCarthyist witch-hunt against Muslims in American government. This is the same kind of racial factionalism that leads American politicians to cast Chinese faces as cold, unfeeling villains in a U.S./China economic Cold War.
So long as we, as a culture, are unwilling to challenge the instinct to demonize an entire race of people based on the actions of individuals, we will always struggle with extremists who seek to exact violence in the name of retribution.
It is only “Us” vs. “Them” so long as we allow ourselves to contextualize the world in terms of a racialized war. And in that, we can only blame the fear-mongerers who continue to rely on racialized symbolism to portray non-White people as threats to White America.
Groundswell’s Director and Sikh-American Valarie Kaur is going to Wisconsin this week to be with fellow Sikhs, friends, and family, to mourn and stand in solidarity with them.
Submit your own message or prayer for hope and healing, and anything else you want the community to know. Valarie will deliver them to the community leaders in Milwaukee this week.
3. Contribute to a growing fund for the families affected by this tragedy
Help Cover Funeral Costs
Amardeep Kaleka, the son of Satwant Singh, the president of the Sikh Temple of Wisconsin, created an online fundraiser “We Are Sikhs” to help cover funeral costs for victims. Singh died along with five other members in the shooting Sunday. None of the money will go to the Kaleka family, the Milwaukee Journal Sentinel reports. Donations accepted here.
An Indiegogo fund will benefit the temple shooting victims, their families and injured police offer Lt. Brian Murphy. Donors’ contributions will be held in an escrow account until August 30, at which time the fundraiser’s organizers will allocate the funds to those in need, Fox News reports. According to the Indiegogo site: “It will take some time before the precise needs of the Milwaukee Sangat are enumerated. We plan to work closely with the local Sikh community and doctors to determine the best way to distribute funds.” Donations accepted here.
Contribute to a Memorial Fund
The Sikh Temple of Wisconsin has set up a victims fund, where people can send donations via mail to Victims Memorial Fund c/o Sikh Temple, 7512 S. Howell Ave., Oak Creek, WI 53154.